Physical-chemical treatment systems are commonly used in primary wastewater treatment to remove hazardous or toxic chemicals, both suspended and dissolved, from wastewater. These systems may include different types of equipment depending on the particular components present in the wastewater. This treatment process helps to reduce the number of pollutants present in the water before it is released back into the environment.
At Clarion Water Technologies, we recognize that efficient primary wastewater treatment is a must for your plant to successfully operate. Whether you are releasing straight to publicly owned treatment works or treating before your biological wastewater treatment system, we offer innovative solutions to maximize the performance of treatment chemicals and equipment, helping to reduce costs, increase your return on investment and improve your overall results.
Coagulation and Flocculation as First-Line Treatment
The process of coagulation and flocculation involves removing suspended solids and turbidity from water in order to make it suitable for use or further treatment. This step takes advantage of the discrepancy in density between the water and the suspended material for separation. Coagulation and flocculation are typically used when the rate of settling of suspended particles is too slow for efficient clarification. Coagulants are added to negate the electrical charge of the suspended solids, leading to the formation of small “pin flocs”. To create bigger particles or flocs that settle down faster, a high molecular weight, organic flocculant is usually used in combination with a coagulant.
Clarion Water Technologies provides a full range of organic and inorganic coagulants and organic flocculants that can be blended to optimize the effectiveness of your treatment program. We can help you to reduce your overall costs and maximize your return on investment by utilizing our chemicals and equipment.
A mixture of oils and other contaminants, such as solids, silt, metal particles, emulsifiers, cleaners, soaps, solvents, and other residues, dispersed in the water phase, is known as an oily waste emulsion. The type of oils found in these emulsions varies depending on the industry, and can range from fats, lubricants, cutting fluids, heavy hydrocarbons such as tars, grease, crude oils, and diesel oils, to light hydrocarbons such as gasoline, kerosene, and jet fuel, in concentrations ranging from only a few parts per million to as much as 5-10% by volume. Treatment of these emulsions usually involves the addition of coagulants to neutralize the electrostatic charge.
Clarion Water Technologies provides a range of antifoams that can be used to prevent or reduce foam in areas such as secondary treatment and effluent in waste treatment plants. Our antifoams are suitable for a variety of industries, including food processing plants, paper mills, refineries, municipalities, and petrochemical plants. We will work together with you to determine the right antifoam for your specific requirements, and our selection includes food-grade products.
Odor Control for Wastewater
Clarion Water Technologies recognizes that foul smells can be a burden for communities and a challenge for waste plant staff. The smell of wastewater may vary from a musty scent to dangerous gases. Most of the gases that cause odors are a result of organic materials being decomposed in an oxygen-free environment. Industrial waste treatment systems often have distinct odor sources and their own unique issues when it comes to tackling the odor. Knowing what causes wastewater odors is a crucial step in controlling them, and there are many programs we offer to effectively meet your needs.
After its primary treatment, wastewater is usually sent to what is known as secondary treatment. This process uses naturally occurring biological processes to eliminate up to 90% of the organic matter in the wastewater. Although there are several potential layouts for this biological wastewater treatment, they all depend on a healthy, established population of microorganisms that must be managed with care. For successful outcomes, the process must have the right inputs such as oxygen levels, temperature and nutrient levels. Finally, secondary clarification allows the wastewater to settle before being released into the environment.
The process of sludge dewatering is designed to reduce the water content of wastewater treatment solids slurry (sludge) beyond what is achieved through thickening. Utilizing mechanical processes and land dewatering techniques, the most appropriate method for the sludge can be selected. The main aim of dewatering is to decrease the expenditure of capital and operating costs when disposing of the sludge. By dewatering sludge solids from a 1 to 20% solids concentration, the volume is reduced by three-fourths, creating a non-fluid, cake-like material.
We have created flocculants tailored to suit even the most rigorous sludge dewatering requirements for centrifuges, screw presses, and belt filter presses. Additionally, our team can carry out thorough system audits and diagnostics to develop the ideal chemical, equipment, and service plan to optimize system performance and productivity.
Water Use and Recycling
As the requirement for improved water management becomes more widespread, the need to handle this important resource in industrial facilities grows too. This encompasses a variety of practices, like gaining a more comprehensive knowledge of the various uses of water in an industrial area and conserving it when necessary; devising innovative techniques for treating individual or mixed wastewater streams; as well as reusing water to enhance both water and energy efficiency.
Water Usage and Conservation
At Clarion Water Technologies, we have a deep understanding of the various applications of water in industrial settings. From providing utilities to managing facilities to essential processes, we are knowledgeable in the complexities of water and how it affects operations. Our exclusive knowledge and innovative tools enable us to help customers become aware of their water usage on an individual or multiple facility level. Additionally, we compile best practices across various industries and regions in order to evaluate consumption and discover areas where water and energy can be conserved.
Point Source vs End of Pipe
Clarion Water Technologies takes an integrated, comprehensive view of water systems management, rather than focusing solely on the "end of pipe." This allows for the identification of innovative solutions for isolating and treating specific waste streams. This could involve the use of various wastewater treatment methodologies, such as primary, secondary, and tertiary, in strategic locations within a facility. Ultimately, this approach helps to reduce capital expenditure, operational costs, and environmental risk.
Water System Recycling and Reuse
As the availability of water gets scarcer, the requirement to find suitable approaches to recycle current water streams in a facility grows. To be successful in this, one has to have a comprehensive awareness of water quality needs for various procedures, coupled with the best technologies to meet these specified water quality needs. Clarion Water Technologies utilizes a combination of practical engineering and hands-on experience in the system functioning to create, construct, operate and/or take care of the most suitable reuse solution for each application and customer.